Millions of children throughout the world have been victims of extremely serious crimes of sexual abuse. What does article 34 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child say on this topic? How do we identify it? How do we prevent it?
CyberDodo and persons with disabilities (2-20)
Do persons with disabilities have rights ?
There are many different types of disabilities. A disability may be visible or not visible and it may be permanent or temporary.
The disorders or deficiencies that bring about a disability can affect different parts of the body or brain. A disability can also strike anyone at any time.
Certain persons are born with disabilities while for others, their disability is the result of an accident or illness. A disability can also be caused by aging. It is generally accepted that as the average age of a population increases, the number of persons living with one form of a disability or other increases.
According to the WHO (World Health Organization), around 10% of the world's population, or 650 million people, live with some form of a disability. The geographical distribution is very skewed, with around 400 million persons with disabilities (80%) living in poor countries and thereby have only inadequate care and facilities at their disposal.
All over the world, persons with disabilities continue to face barriers to their full and equal participation in society. Now, if we broaden our view a bit, the number of persons affected by a disability surpasses one billion when taking into account the impact on immediate families. The 10% mentioned is not just a statistic given that disabilities are strongly linked to poverty and frequently limit access to education and treatment, not to mention problems related to exclusion and/or discrimation.
It has proven very difficult to agree upon a definition of disability. A definition or classification represents essentialist thinking that gives rise to terms that may seem pejorative and are very often experienced as limiting.
Moreover, how could a classification manage to capture the daily reality of a person living with a disability?
Yet there does exist a series of definitions that are applicable to the reality and daily experience of such persons. Our view on disability should be put into perspective- a person with a disability is a full-fledged human being with all the rights naturally accruing to him or her, just like anyone else.
All comments ( 1 )
They are just like normal persons